Romania was heavily cooperativised. Not all the villages tho, some of those in the mountains were left out. The plains, where I live, was the main stage for the communist agricultural policy. There were those outside the system in the plains as well, due to glitches, not due to law regulating it. In some areas those were sheep breeders. But the "big agriculture" was state owned. Indeed the country suffers now. I see peasants managing well their small garden, having knowledge about large scale technology, because they worked in the field, but knowing nothing about smaller scale commercial exploitation. These people had land before the commies, which was confiscated, and they got it back after 40 years. And that's huge gap, there's another generation owning the land and not really knowing how to make it profitable. And that's a pity, there are a lot of lost opportunities. These people may own 1 to 5 ha (which they got back after the communism fell) and rent it to the big farmers. In the plains there are now big land owners who work thousands of ha and are seem to be millionaires, but they own their life to the banks, while giving blow jobs to the international trading corporations who buy their crop. It's fucking sick, everything. It's like in those american stories about tricked farmers. It's really the same pest. Fortunately nowadays there's a huge demand for workforce in other fields and the rural areas are economically better than 15 years ago. And there are the millions who go to the western EU countries for work. So the reliance on agriculture for income is a lot lower.